Why reforest?

Reforestation is an essential tool for the recovery of degraded ecosystems, as it helps regulate the water cycle, mitigate climate change, and preserve biodiversity. It also contributes to the sustainable development of the area, improving the environmental and socioeconomic conditions of the local population and its surrounding municipalities.

Sierra Bermeja

The Green Helmets project aims to reforest and carry out work to improve the forest environment in order to recover part of the burned vegetation surface in four of the municipalities most affected by the fire of 2021, Estepona, Casares, Genalguacil and Júzcar.

sierra bermeja antes y después del incendio


ilustración incendio

The 2021 fire burned nearly 10,000 hectares of bushes and woodland in Sierra Bermeja. The landscape was completely devastated by the flames which directly affected its flora and fauna.


ilustración árbol

The fire that devastated Sierra Bermeja in Malaga had a devastating impact on the plant species in the area. These species will take years, even decades, to recover and regenerate the forests that once dominated the landscape. In addition, numerous herbaceous and shrubby plants endemic to the area were also severely damaged, endangering their existence and the botanical diversity of the region.

Show species

Carob (Ceratonia siliqua)

This Mediterranean tree is known for its tasty edible pods, but also for its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil and its resistance to drought - a real all-rounder!


Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo)

The strawberry tree is a Mediterranean tree with a red, rough fruit that is a real delight to the eye and the palate. In addition to being highly appreciated in local gastronomy, the strawberry tree is a great ally for the restoration of forest ecosystems.


Cedar (Cedrus atlantica)

The majestic cedar is a tree of great stature and dense foliage, known for its hardy wood and intoxicating aroma. In addition, it is capable of fixing large amounts of CO2 in its trunk and branches.

Pino negral

Black pine (Pinus pinaster)

Black pine is a species of pine commonly found on the Mediterranean coast. With its thick bark and long, flexible needles, it is able to withstand drought and forest fires.


Pinsapo (Abies pinsapo)

The Spanish fir is an evergreen tree found exclusively in the mountains of southern Spain. With its elegant bearing and thick, dense foliage, it is a unique and very valuable species.

Jara blanca

White rockrose (Cistus albidus)

White rockrose is a Mediterranean shrub commonly found on poor, dry soils. With its lilac flores and velvety leaves, it is an important species in the regeneration of degraded soils.


Quercus faginea (Quercus faginea)

With its thick bark and dense, shady foliage, the gall oak is a robust tree that can grow in poor, rocky soils and provides shelter and food for a wide variety of wildlife.


Myrtle (Myrtus communis)

Myrtle is an aromatic evergreen shrub commonly found in the Mediterranean region. With its fragrant leaves and small sweet berries, it is a popular species used for cooking and the making of traditional medicine.

Cork oak (Quercus suber)

The majestic cork oak is one of the most emblematic trees of the Iberian Peninsula, known for its corky bark and its ability to store large amounts of CO2 in its leaves and branches.


Mastic (Pistacia lentiscus)

Mastic is an evergreen shrub commonly found in the Mediterranean. With its leafy habit and red drupes, it is a valued species because it provides shelter and food for many animal species.


Olivilla (Phyllerea angustifolia)

Olivilla is an evergreen shrub commonly found in the Mediterranean. With its fine leaves and small purple berries, it is a species valued for its medicinal properties and its ability to withstand cold and drought.



Green Helmets action areas

Sierra Bermeja is the only Spanish fir forest in the world.
Fauna: Existen más de 216 especies de fauna identificadas, 13 endémicas y casi todas protegidas por la legislación europea. Flora: El 85 % de las comunidades vegetales existentes en la sierra Bermeja de Estepona está incluido en la directiva HÁBITATS 2000 (92/43/CEE) de la Unión Europea. Aparecen más de una veintena de endemismos.
(On the left) Affected area by the fire of 2021.

The fire originated on September 8, 2021.
It originates in Jubrique, according to experts due to the use of agricultural machinery. It remains active for 46 days. It devastated 10,000 Hectares. Employs 6,000 troops and more than 200 aerial resources. Forced eviction of 2,670 people.
Sixth generation fire (generate their own climate)
1.The smoke column rises. 2.The smoke column cools. 3.Pyrocumulus is formed. 4.It can generate a thunderstorm or precipitation of ashes that originate new outbreaks. 5.Generation of torrential rains. 6. Lightning.
Spaces selected by Cascos Verdes
Según criterios técnicos se han seleccionado una serie de zonas afectadas por el incendio que requieren de: Preparación del terreno. Nueva masa vegetal para regenerar el suelo. Trabajos de revegetación directa. Limpieza de monte. Aclareo.
Diapositiva anterior
Diapositiva siguiente

Performance of the Green Helmets

Imagen acción 1 Los Cascos verdes

Action 1:

Launching of seed bombs in Estepona. April 21, 2023

Thanks to the collaboration of the municipalities of Estepona and Casares, reforestation has begun in the area of Los Pedregales and La Aerobase where 14 "Nendo Dango" seed bombs have been launched by schoolchildren from all over the province in the activities of the Diputación de Málaga through its Malaga +Viva project. A total of 11,400 smart seeds have been launched by drones.

Imagen acción 2 Los Cascos verdes

Action 2:

Launch of seeds from drones in Estepona. April 21st 2023.

The use of drones is the first step in the process of reforestation and regeneration of degraded soil. Acting directly on these soils helps to accelerate the revegetation process.